When Chin Chun Hock visited Butte in October 1898, the Butte Miner headlined its report “The King of the Chinamen Will Construct a Building.”

While he wasn’t actually king of anything, Chin, whose name is sometimes given as Chun Ching Hock, was certainly the most prominent Chinese businessman in Seattle. He had arrived there in 1860 at age 16, the first Chinese immigrant when Seattle’s King County counted a total population of 302. Within eight years, he had established the beginnings of a major merchandise company, the Wa Chong Co.

Chin Chun Hock eventually even signed his letters with the company name, Wa Chong, and he was called that at the time he came to Butte. He was expanding his business throughout the northwest, including Portland and Helena in addition to Butte. He had established a Butte operation, the Wah Chong Tai Co., in 1893-94 at 49 W. Galena St., then the heart of Butte’s Chinatown.

The success of the Wah Chong Tai in Butte led Wa Chong to invest in the construction of a new brick building on Mercury Street at China Alley. “Butte is a great city, and I always like to come here,” he was quoted as saying during his 1898 visit. The building was finished in 1899 and still stands today, housing part of the Mai Wah Museum.

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It appears that the new business wasn’t so much a branch office of the Seattle Wa Chong Company as a franchise, or perhaps a partnership for a time. While the Seattle investor probably bought the land and paid for the building, the Butte Wah Chong Tai business was probably completely owned by local Chinese businessmen led by Chin Hin Doon and his son Chin Yee Fong, who would change his name to Albert Chinn and become the patriarch of the Chinn family that eventually established deep roots in Butte with connections to the Mai Wah Society to this day.

In 1910, the Wah Chong Tai company was owned by nine locals with a total investment of $16,000 among them. Chin Chun Hock (Wa Chong) had sold his ownership in the building in 1905, but he must have returned to sit for a portrait by Gibson Studios photographer (no relation) at 121 W. Park St. sometime after 1910. Wa Chong died in 1927.

Even though Chin is a common Chinese family name, it’s likely that Chin Chun Hock and the Chinn family of Butte were related, at least distantly. They all ultimately immigrated from the Taishan District of Guangdong Province in southeastern China.

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Local geologist and historian Dick Gibson has lived in Butte since 2003 and has worked as a tour guide for various organizations and museums. He can be reached at rigibson@earthlink.net.


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