TR takes a bullet for conservation

2012-10-04T20:28:00Z TR takes a bullet for conservationBy Jim Posewitz Montana Standard
October 04, 2012 8:28 pm  • 

If you hunt, fish, or savor the great American outdoors, you need to appreciate what happen on Oct. 14, 1912. That was the day Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the president of the United States as the Progressive or Bull Moose Party candidate, was shot by a would be assassin.

The bullet meant to kill Roosevelt went through his metal glasses case and a folded 50-page speech, and lodged just short of his heart. Wounded, TR then went to his political rally anyway. “I shall ask you to be as quiet as possible,” he told the audience in a low voice. “I don’t know whether you fully understand that I have just been shot; but it takes more than that to kill a Bull Moose.”

As a Republican, Theodore Roosevelt had been president from 1901 to 1909. He entered the 1912 campaign seeking a return to the White House because his successor, William Howard Taft, had abandoned the conservation reforms TR put in place.

Those reforms included conservation of wildlife, fish and forests. TR set aside 230 million acres of America as wildlife refuges, national parks and monuments, game ranges and national forests. It was nearly 10 percent of America, and it introduced the nation to conservation. Protecting fish, wildlife and public lands also severely frustrated the robber barons of that era.

The counterattack began the moment Roosevelt left office. Taft froze the U.S. Forest Service’s education budget, fired conservationist Gifford Pinchot and began passing public resources back into control of the robber barons. Montana’s copper baron and U.S. Senator William A. Clark opposed conservation of any kind and seized any opportunity to attack the idea of public lands. Clark declared“…foresters now infesting the West should be called in, paid off, and abolished.”

Roosevelt re-entered the political arena to defend his reforms. He entered all the Republican presidential primary races held that year. Of the 12 races, TR won nine, Robert Lafollette won two, and the incumbent President Taft won only one. The political party bosses, however, gave the nomination to Taft.

TR and his followers then formed the Bull Moose Party and the battle was on. Montana had a dog in this fight. U. S. Sen. Joseph Dixon, R-Mont., took on the job as TR’s campaign manager. Dixon, also a former publisher of the Missoulian newspaper, would later serve as Montana’s governor.

A century later, we find ourselves in a political campaign that seems like 1912 all over again. The 2012 Republican Platform calls for Congress to take public lands and water in the West and pass them into “private ownership.” During the presidential primary debates, three candidates — including Mitt Romney — proposed selling or transferring federal lands like national forests to private interests or the states.

Closer to home, when gubernatorial candidate Rick Hill was a congressman he resisted the creation of a wildlife trust fund that now acquires critical habitat and public access. More recently he has come out in favor of crippling Montana’s beloved stream access law. Meanwhile, U.S. Rep. Denny Rheberg, R-Mont., running for a seat in the Senate, continues to champion abandonment of wildlife values on some of Montana’s most productive wild places.

Hunters, anglers and other outdoor enthusiasts have to hope that this is where the similarity between 1912 and 2012 ends. But that is up to you and your fellow voters. Be sure to ask candidates at every level where they stand on the retention of public lands, protection of our current stream access law and sustaining our proud wildland legacy.

“A vote is like a rifle,” Roosevelt wrote in his 1913 autobiography. “Its usefulness depends upon the character of the user.” TR took a bullet for us — for the cause of conservation — a century ago on Oct. 14, 1912. The least we owe his legacy — and our own outdoor heritage — is to make certain our votes are well-aimed in November.

- Jim Posewitz, of Helena, worked for the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks for 32 years. He is currently retired.

Copyright 2015 Montana Standard. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

(1) Comments

  1. EcoRover
    Report Abuse
    EcoRover - October 05, 2012 7:15 am
    Good editorial, Jim! A local side to the Teddy Roosevelt/Wm Clark story: hiking in the Mt Haggin area, you can still see large piles of logs cut a century ago. The Anaconda Company cut these trees illegally--intending to steal them from the new Forest Reserves that Roosevelt had created. But the Company was busted by the new forest rangers, which is why Clark declared, "...foresters now infesting the West should be called in, paid off, and abolished."

    Bottom line: modern Republicans such as Rehberg and Rick Hill would turn power back over to the corporate interests that want to rape and destroy our public land, reverse the Stream Access Law, and abolish protections for federal land.

Civil Dialogue

We provide this community forum for readers to exchange ideas and opinions on the news of the day. Passionate views, pointed criticism and critical thinking are welcome. Name-calling, crude language and personal abuse are not welcome. Moderators will monitor comments with an eye toward maintaining a high level of civility in this forum. Our comment policy explains the rules of the road for registered commenters. If you receive an error after submitting a comment, please contact us at

If your comment was removed or isn't appearing online, perhaps:

  1. You called someone an idiot, a racist, a dope, a moron, etc. Please, no name-calling or profanity (or veiled profanity -- #$%^&*).
  2. You rambled, failed to stay on topic or exhibited troll-like behavior intended to hijack the discussion at hand.
  3. YOU SHOUTED YOUR COMMENT IN ALL CAPS. This is hard to read and annoys readers.
  4. You have issues with a business. Have a bad meal? Feel you were overcharged at the store? New car is a lemon? Contact the business directly with your customer service concerns.
  5. You included an e-mail address or phone number, pretended to be someone you aren't or offered a comment that makes no sense.
  6. You accused someone of a crime or assigned guilt or punishment to someone suspected of a crime.
  7. Your comment is in really poor taste.
Add Comment
You must Login to comment.

Click here to get an account it's free and quick